What is logistics planning?
Professional logistics planning ensures the required quality and efficiency in processes along the entire logistics value chain. Smooth logistics planning is becoming increasingly important for many companies, hospitals, construction sites or the automotive industry.
Three types of logistics planning can be distinguished:
- Strategic planning
- Operational planning
- Tactical planning
The main task of logistics planning is to prepare and ensure the current and future competitiveness of a company's corporate logistics. Logistics planning is also aimed at developing logistics strategies that are necessary to implement the overall corporate strategy or business strategy. If one follows a general planning hierarchy, the individual planning activities in logistics planning are in a relationship of superiority and subordination to each other.
Important tasks in logistics planning:
- Forecasting logistics costs
- Planning of logistics processes and material flow
- Logistics- and production-oriented product influencing
- Material and financial investment planning
The high demand for planning in logistics requires mathematical planning calculations that deal with logistical problems. Thus, planning models are available for route planning or the optimal lot or order quantity.
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