PLG solutions

Warehouse planning – consulting and software

What is the warehouse planning?

Only with good planning can you run a warehouse with the greatest possible economic success. However, because a wide variety of influences and factors have to be taken into account here, successful warehouse planning is a very complex process that can be divided into the three areas of receiving, storage and shipping.

The goods receipt

The name says it all: when the goods arrive, they are received in the goods receiving area. At the same time, the quality of the goods is controlled here and an adjustment of the loading units takes place if the product characteristics require it.

The receiving area should be located right next to the unloading docks and have enough space to work here with all the products that are received in the warehouse during a normal working day. Ideally, there should be another place next to the receiving area to handle goods receipts that arrive unscheduled.

If it is necessary to adjust the incoming loading units, the area should be expanded and the appropriate resources such as sufficient personnel, suitable workbenches and tools should be available. It would be good if a part of the storage area could be dedicated to the storage of empty containers, as well as implement a system for the disposal of the original containers.

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The storage area

Only with good planning can you run a warehouse with the greatest possible economic success. However, because a wide variety of influences and factors have to be taken into account here, successful warehouse planning is a very complex process that can be divided into the three areas of receiving, storage and shipping.

A warehouse planning with combined storage systems
In order to achieve optimal warehouse planning, turnover rates and products are classified into three categories: low, medium and high turnover. These three categories are determined on the basis of an average reference value. After that, the positioning of the products in the warehouse is determined:

  • Goods with a low turnover rate require a low storage volume
  • Goods with medium turnover rate must be easily accessible and transported out of the warehouse at medium speed
  • Goods with a high turnover rate must be easily accessible and have a high speed of retrieval

The shipping area

In the shipping area, orders are compiled and, if necessary, packed. This requires adequate resources. Since this part of the warehouse contributes significantly to the reputation and prestige of the entire institution, no costs should be saved here. When the orders are assembled on the shelves, the work in this area is greatly facilitated.

Provided that the warehouse is equipped with an appropriately programmed warehouse management system (WMS), the tasks involved in compiling orders are focused on creating batches in a designated area. This reserved area should be large enough to cover all the lines that go out on a normal workday. Nevertheless, it is advisable to provide for an expansion area as early as the warehouse planning stage, to be used in the event of unscheduled peaks in demand.

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