What is meant by warehouse organization?
Whether for intralogistics processes, shipping to customers or procurement management, an efficient warehouse organization ensures that goods and merchandise are always in place when they are needed. Each area of the warehouse is thus linked to a good and also indicates the form in which goods are stored.
Warehouse organization explained: the differences between a chaotic and fixed warehouse organization
How do goods get into the warehouse, how are they distributed and replaced? Answers to this question are provided by the system underlying the warehouse organization. In practice, there are usually two systems, which we would like to present in more detail.
Fixed storage system or fixed storage organization
In the case of fixed storage organization, a fixed location is assigned to each incoming item, also referred to as the fixed location system. As a rule, goods are subdivided or sorted according to product groups, which are differentiated by frequency, value or size - this ensures, among other things, that the right picking systems are in place. The advantage of clearly assigned subareas in the warehouse for individual goods is obvious, but buffer areas are needed to be able to handle utilization peaks. The degree of utilization of the fixed place system is therefore not optimal.
Chaotic warehouse organization
In the chaotic warehouse organization, the allocation principle is that incoming goods are basically placed where the next possible free space is in the warehouse. In order to establish this system and use it efficiently, it is imperative to have a powerful intralogistics concept based on technical aids. By keeping order pickers constantly "in the flow" and following instructions from the computer, a high level of efficiency can be achieved both in terms of throughput times and warehouse utilization levels.