What is an article in logistics?

In terms of logistics, an article is a quantity of goods to which a unique number is assigned for identification.

The item is either produced in-house or is delivered to the retailer and scanned and recorded using the barcode. The items are then sorted into the space provided for them. There are two ways to do this:

The articles are stored in two different ways. On the one hand, there is the fixed storage bin allocation, in which fixed storage bins are reserved for certain items. The advantage of this is that the storage can be determined quickly and easily. On the other hand, there is the dynamic storage bin allocation. The items are stored in a free storage location as required or with parameters. This leads to high utilization of storage capacity.

The importance of the individual items in warehouse management:

According to H.F. Dieckie, the articles in warehouse management are to be divided up in an ABC analysis. Accordingly, all A-items have a high value share, but are rather low in quantity in the warehouse. B articles make up a medium share in terms of quantity and a low share in terms of value, and C articles have a high share in terms of quantity but a lower share in terms of value. In this context, the 80:20 rule is applied. This refers to the distribution, as only 20% of the stored items account for 80% of the total value.


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